Attorney Michael A. Long has litigated, licensed, prosecuted and defended various copyright and intellectual property matters for clients in tech and entertainment industries. IP matters Mr. Long has worked on include matters involving:


Copyrights are a form of intellectual property, often used to seek to protect original works of authorship. A copyright, at common law, vests when the work is “fixed in a tangible medium of expression.” Copyrights in the U.S. may also implicate issues of asserted enforcement via international treaties such as the Berne Convention. Copyrights have certain limitations; for example, abstract ideas are not protected by copyright. Copyrights generally include a “bundle of rights” which is generally a reference to Title 17 USC, Section 106, which sets forth the following rights:

(1) to reproduce the copyrighted work in copies or phonorecords;
(2) to prepare derivative works based upon the copyrighted work;
(3) to distribute copies or phonorecords of the copyrighted work to the public by sale or other transfer of ownership, or by rental, lease, or lending;
(4) in the case of literary, musical, dramatic, and choreographic works, pantomimes, and motion pictures and other audiovisual works, to perform the copyrighted work publicly;
(5) in the case of literary, musical, dramatic, and choreographic works, pantomimes, and pictorial, graphic, or sculptural works, including the individual images of a motion picture or other audiovisual work, to display the copyrighted work publicly; and
(6) in the case of sound recordings, to perform the copyrighted work publicly by means of a digital audio transmission.

Many of these terms have special meanings and may apply differently to a given case. Categories of works include:

(1) literary works;
(2) musical works, including any accompanying words;
(3) dramatic works, including any accompanying music;
(4) pantomimes and choreographic works;
(5) pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works;
(6) motion pictures and other audiovisual works;
(7) sound recordings; and
(8) architectural works.

Michael A. Long, Long & Associates

Attorney Michael A. Long is experienced as replacement counsel. He has represented attorneys, executives, business owners, producers, tech companies, engineers, inventors, employees, employers, and established multinational clients with worldwide IP portfolios.